Infertility in Women
Infertility is a common condition in the United States which leaves 10%-15% of couples infertile. In general an infertile couple is a couple that cannot have children of their own.
Infertility is a condition which prevails in both males and females. According to statistics, infertility in a couple is caused mostly by factors associated with woman resulting in 40%-50% of the cases whilst only 20% of infertility cases in the USA are caused due to a problem with the man.
- Female infertility is a common condition which results in an inability to conceive.
- A female is identified as infertile if she is unable to conceive subsequent to 12 months of regular, unprotected intercourse. In addition to this, women who conceive and face miscarriages are also categorized under the condition of infertility.
- The causes of female infertility are numerous. Age is considered as a primary cause for female infertility.
- As a woman gets older her chances of experiencing infertility is higher. At age 30 a woman’s chances of conceiving drops to 20% and by age 40 the percentage drops to 5%.
- Moreover hormonal problems such as failure to produce mature eggs, malfunction of the hypothalamus and malfunction of the pituitary gland can also lead to female infertility.
Factors such as Poorly Functioning Fallopian Tubes, Endometriosis along with behavioral factors such as smoking, alcohol, drugs and inappropriate diets and exercises can cause female infertility.
Additionally environmental and occupational factors such as medical treatments and material, lead, Ethylene Oxide etc. increases the risk of infertility.
In many cases of female infertility, women are not aware of their condition until she has trouble conceiving. This occurs since female infertility reveals very few symptoms apart from being unable to conceive. One such symptom is irregular and unusual menstrual cycles. On such occasions women are advised to consult a doctor to carry out relevant tests.
The process of female infertility testing generally starts by measuring a woman’s follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Afterwards the fertility specialist will carry out tests such as Cervical mucus test, Ultrasound test, Hormone test, Hysterosalpingogram (HSG), Hysteroscopy, Laparoscopy or Endometrial biopsy. Through these tests the specialist will be able to identify the exact cause of the condition.
Once the cause is identified the woman can initiate treatments. Generally treatments can be carried out by form of drugs or surgery. Female infertility treatment drugs include Clomiphene citrate (Clomid, Serophene), Gonadotropins, Metformin (Glucophage), Letrozole (Femara) etc. Female infertility surgical treatments include procedures of tissue removal, Tubal reversal surgery (microscopic), Tubal surgeries etc.
All the above-mentioned drugs and surgeries address varying issues by targeting different causes of infertility. Thereby it becomes crucial to correctly identify the root cause of the problem in order to accurately overcome the condition of female infertility.